Nepal Climate and Weather
Due to rise in elevation within a very short distance from south to north there is a dramatic variation in climate as the elevation. Nepal is a monsoonal country meaning Nepal receives monsoon twice a year the dry season is from the month of October to month of May, it is wet and damp from June to September. The best season of the year is spring which is March to May and autumn which is September to November; the weather at this time of the year is heavenly.
In summer the lower belt close to Indian border from east to west is very hot the temperature is recorded up to a level high of 45 degree Celsius, the hilly terrain has a very pleasing weather throughout the year where summer temperature is around 28 degree Celsius where as winters are as cold as 5 degree Celsius with warm days. The mountains are extremely cold throughout the year with below freezing summers and winters. The visibility is horrific in the Terai (low land) terrain almost throughout the winter for sun not coming out of clouds for weeks, the visibility in hills compared to Terai and mountain terrain is a lot better.
Nepal has 6 climate zones within the elevation ranging in a very short distance. The tropical zone which is below 1000m has hot climate which is runs in the Terai and inner Terai belt close to Indian border, the sub-tropical climate which ranges from 1000m-2000m has cool and dry weather and covers Nepal’s 22% of land area usually valleys like Kathmandu and Pokhara fall in this zone, the Temperate climate zone ranges from 2000m-3000m which covers 12% of Nepal’s land and most of the area high hills and foot of mountains, the Subalpine zone which ranges from 3000m-4000m occupies Nepal’s 9% area and mainly Himalayan and mountain zone where the weather is below freezing with frost biting wind year around, the Alpine zone from 4,000m-5,000m is below freezing throughout the year where human settlement is hard to find due to harsh weather, some herbs are collected in these zone where as wildlife is impossible, beyond alpine zone the climate is Nival which is above 5000m where no human, plant or animal species is found because most of the time the area is covered with snow and amount of oxygen in the atmosphere is very low.
Lightweight and tropical clothes with umbrella are advised for June to August. Between October and March, lightweight clothes are worn in places above 1500m in altitude, with a coat for evenings and warm clothing for the winters are advised. When trekking in the mountains, high quality trekking gear with capabilities to handle below freezing temperatures is recommended all year round. Thermal inner wears prove to be very good friends while in the Himalayas.
Weather wise the best season to visit the country is spring, autumn and fall where the sun is bright, the view of mountain is crisp and the weather is lovely.
Tour in nepal